Response of Central California Oak Woodlands to Extreme Drought

Oak woodlands of California provide a wide range of societal values and ecosystem services, including forage for livestock, wildlife habitat, recreation, soil conservation, and watershed protection. The future of these ecosystems is threatened by a combination grazing pressure, competition from exotic grasses, wildfire severity, and climate change. Kueppers et al. predicted that by the year 2099 the ranges of California endemic oaks would shrink by over 50% of modern potential range sizes, and would shift northward due to climate warming trends and larger precipitation deficits during the growing season.

The year 2013 was the driest on record in California, with a total of just 30% of average statewide precipitation. The year 2014 was nearly as dry as 2013 on the Central California coast. The geographic areas within the Central California coastal region that were most severely impacted by the 2013 drought included the Carmel River Valley of northern Monterey County. An expanded area of severe vegetation moisture stress was detected by May 2014 in this same watershed.

The objective of this study was to assess the impacts of the historic 2013-2015 drought period on oak woodland ecosystems of the Carmel River drainage in central California using a combination of satellite image analysis and in situ measurements of soil moisture. The novel study approach incorporated more than 15 years of satellite image data (starting in the year 2000) in correlations with precipitation records to understand variations in canopy cover of different oak woodland communities, shrublands, and grasslands

climate change open access journal

The main aim of this research work is to identify natural and environmental vulnerability distribution in Astrakhan, Russia. This paper identifies, assess, and classify natural and environmental vulnerability using landscape pattern from multidisciplinary approach, based on remote sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques. A model was developed by following thematic layers: land use/cover, vegetation, geology, geomorphology, and soil in ArcGIS 10.3 software. According to numerical results vulnerability classified into five levels: low, reasonable, moderate, high and extreme vulnerability by mean of cluster principal.

Results are shows that in natural vulnerability maximum area covered by moderate (54.62%) and environmental vulnerability concentrated by moderate (54.00%) vulnerability. So, study area has at medial level vulnerability. In the study area encroachment, population growth, industrialization and governmental polices for environmental protection are main cause for vulnerability. This study is helpful for decision making for eco-environmental recovering and rebuilding as well as predicting the future development. Astrakhan is a city in Russia, the capital of the Astrakhan region, located about 1,411 km southeast of Moscow. The city is an important railway hub, sea, and river port. The population of Astrakhan is about 532,000 in 2015, the area – 208 sq-km.

Astrakhan fertile area (the Volga River delta) was the region of the Golden Horde and Khazaria states capitals. First written mentioning of Astrakhan settlement was made by travelers in the beginning of the 13th century. Mongol leader Tamerlane destroyed the town in 1395. In 1459-1556, it was the capital of Astrakhan Khanate. Archaeologists found the remains of it about 12 km from present Astrakhan. Tsar Ivan the Terrible Conquered Astrakhan Khanate and its capital in 1556.

Ten Important Life Lessons on Nano Medicine Research Paper Taught Us

Journal of Nano medicine & Nanotechnology is a scholarly open access journal that covers a wide range of themes in this field, including  molecular nanotechnology, nano sensors, nano particles, nano drugs, Nano materials, nano biotechnology, nano bio pharmaceutics, nano electronics, and nano robotics. This peer reviewed journal strictly adhered to the standard review process to enhance the quality of the publication.

The current issue of the Journal of Nano medicine and Nanotechnology Volume No7, issue 6 published 10 research articles and a review article. Fathy WA et al discussed the way silver nanoparticles can be used as anti-bacterial, antimicrobial and anti-fungal biomedicine. While the Jen Wu et al discuss the dynamics of Nanoemulsion coatings, Patel ea al discussed the role of Chitosan Nanoparticles (CSNPs) in drug delivery for the poorly absorbable medicines. Dasam et al illustrated the way Simvastatin loaded Solid lipid nanoparticles can be used to treat harmone dependent carcinoma.

Is Nano Medicine And Nano Technology The Most Trending Thing Now?

Nano medicine is nothing but application of Nano technologies as medicines. It may include application of nonmaterial as biological devices or nano-electronic biosensors. Molecular nanotechnology as biological machines may have medical applications in future.

The Journal of Nano medicine and Nanotechnology is an Open Access journal aims at exploring the prospectus of Nano technologies as a medical application to combat biological issues to attain normalcy. The very size of the nano-particle, which is equal to the size of biological molecules, is an added advantage, where the biological functions can be induced to the non-material so that they are useful in vivo and in vitro biomedical research and applications. Continue Reading…

Earth Science and Climate Change

Climate Change is the most sought after a topic discussed very prominently in the media during this millennium as the Earth and the Environment is the worst affected due to it. Factors like global warming is leading to rise in Global Temperature, resulting melting polar ice, rising sea levels, high level of air pollution are affecting the quality of living for both men and animals.

The Journal of The Earth Science and Climate Change is peer reviewed academic journal that cater to the needs of Earth Scientists, farmers, extensive agents, researchers and students. This Open access journal publishes high quality articles following rigorous and standard review procedure.

The Climate Change journal publishes a wide range of topics related to this field including but not limited to Earth science or Geosciences, Geography, Environmental Science, Atmospheric Science, Global Warming, Oceanography, and Climate change and Risk Management.

This scholarly Earth Science journal encourages authors to submit thoroughly researched articles following theoretical framework and all the scientific procedures involved in preparing the research articles. Authors can present the data as research articles, reviews, commentaries, and editorial board member.

All published articles are assigned to Digital Object Identifier (DOI) – CrossRef and they are included in the indexing and abstracting coverage of:

Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), Index Copernicus, Google Scholar, Sherpa Romeo, Online Access to Research in the Environment (OARE), Open J Gate, Genamics JournalSeek, JournalTOCs, Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN), Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory, Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture (AGORA), Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (CABI), RefSeek, Hamdard University, EBSCO A-Z, OCLC- WorldCat,Proquest Summons, SWB online catalog,SciLit – Scientific Literature and Publons.

This highly reputed scholarly journal enjoys an impact factor of 1.16*; 1.66 and attracts the attention of the scholarly world as it follows article metrics to popularize the published articles. Acording to Google analytics, our journals attract 25 million viewers across the globe and the journal of the Earth Sciences and Climate Change could retain 50000 readers visiting its sites. This journal operates through the editorial management system to facilitate quick manuscript submission, review and tracking of the submitted article through publication.